SURREALISM 101

Rene Magritte, The False Mirror  (1929)

Surrealism, a groundbreaking artistic and literary movement that emerged in the early 20th century, sought to unravel the mysteries of the human subconscious and challenge the boundaries of reality. Born amidst the tumultuous aftermath of World War I, surrealism was catalyzed by André Breton's "Manifesto of Surrealism" in 1924, which espoused a rebellion against conventional thought, embracing the power of dreams, automatism, and the irrational. Through captivating visual arts, literature, and other mediums, surrealism's luminaries like Salvador Dalí, René Magritte, Joan Miró and Max Ernst, among others, embarked on a profound exploration of the fantastical, ushering forth a legacy that continues to captivate and inspire generations.

CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Subconscious
  • Dream- like¬†perspective
  • Metaphysical
  • Magical
  • Tangible
  • Juxtaposition
  • Spontaneity
 

 

Salvador Dali, The Eye of Surrealist Time (1971)

Surrealism Book

Taschen

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Salvador Dali: The Impossible Collection

Assouline

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 Lenora Carrington, And Then We Saw the Daughter of the Minotaur (1942)

ARTISTS AND DESIGNERS TO KNOW:
  • Pablo Picasso
  • Georges Braque
  • Paul C√©zanne
  • Robert Delaunay
  • Fernand L√©ger
  • Joan Mir√≥
  • Juan Gris
  • Alexander Archipenko
  • Andr√© Martin

 Man Ray, Dora Maar (1936 )

Iron Balance

by Lex Pavone

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Evil Eye Brass Lamp

Vintage

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Meret Oppenheim, Object (1936)

 

"SURREALISM IS DESTRUCTIVE, BUT IT DESTROYS ONLY WHAT IT CONSIDERS TO BE SHACKLES LIMITING OUR VISION." 

-  SALVADOR DALI

 

Joan Miró, Cahiers d'Art (1934)

Smoke Signals

by Tara Rad

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Stone Head Sculpture

Vintage

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 The movement was officially launched in the 1920s by French writer André Breton, who published the "Manifesto of Surrealism" in 1924. This manifesto laid out the core principles of surrealism, which included the belief in the liberation of thought, the importance of automatism (the spontaneous creation of art without conscious control), and a rejection of rationality and established societal norms.

Max Ernst

Yves Tanguy, A thousand Times (1933) 

Nativa Gemella

by Giorgia Piu

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Gray Twin

Lex pavone

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The movement evolved over time, with some artists focusing on a more abstract and automatist approach, while others delved into more figurative and symbolic expressions. Surrealism also had political and social dimensions, with some artists using their work to challenge authority, question societal norms, and explore issues of identity and the human psyche.

Savador Dalí, Venus De Milo With Drawers (1936)

Surrealism's impact can still be felt today in contemporary art, popular culture, and various artistic practices that celebrate the exploration of the SUBCONSCIOUS and the UNCONVENTIONAL. 

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